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PYMTHEG LLWYTH GWYNEDD.

YN amser Hywel Dda Brenin Cymry oil y Breiniwyd pymtheg Llwyth o Briflwythi Ynys Prydain ym mraint Cenedl y Cymry. sef y mynnws Hywel Dda ap Cadell ap Rodri Mawr ag efe yn Frenin Cymry oil, adnewyddu a Gwellhau hen Gyfreithiau Cenhedl y Cymry y rhai a fuant er amser Dyfnwal moelmud ap Dyfnfarth ap Prydain ap Aedd Mawr a galw ar Bencenhedloedd Cenedl y Cymry attaw i'r Ty Gwyn ar Daf yn Nyfed. ac achos llygru llwythau Gwynedd a Mon a Lledach o'r gwyddelod a gwyr Llychlyn ni chaid yno amgen na phymtheg Penteulu o brif Iwythau Cenedl y Cymry, yn ddiledach diledryw, y peris Hywel eu Breinio a'u Llwythau o Baladr yn Bymtheg Llwyth o Bendefigaeth Cynnwydion, a Braint lie a llafar iddynt ym mhob Gorsedd Dygynnull, a phob Llys Gwlad ac Arghvydd yn Ynys Prydain ac yn yr un amser y Breiniwyd ar Bywys pedair Gwelygordd ar hugain o Brif welygorddau diledach. a braint lie a llafar iddynt ym mhob
Llys Gwlad ag Arglwydd ac ym mhob gorsedd Dygynnull yn Ynys Prydain, ac a ddodes Ddeddf arnyn gadw a Chynnal Rhol achau yn ddosparthus modd y gwneid yn Neheubarth a Morganwg a Gwent mal y gwypid Teilyngdod a Bonedd Pencenhedloedd ac o hynny Braint iddynt a fai dyledus. ac fal hyn y dechreuwyd Cof gwarantedig ar achau ag Arfau Bonedd yng Ngwynedd a Phywys, a Hywel Dda n ei ddoethineb yn trefnu Llyfr a elwid Bonedd Gwyr y Gogledd nid amgen na Bonedd Llwythi Gwynedd a Mon. a Gwelygorddau Pywys.

THE FIFTEEN TRIBES OF NORTH WALES.

In the time of Howel the Good, King of all Wales, Fifteen Tribes, of the principal families who claimed Cambro-British privileges, were enfranchised; for Howel the Good, the son of Cadell, the son of Rhodri the Great, being king of all Wales, caused the ancient laws of Dyvnwal Moelmud, the son of Dyvnvarth, the son of Prydain, the son of Aedd the Great, to be renewed and improved ; for which purpose, the chiefs of families of the Welsh nation were summoned to the Holy House on Taff, in Dyved. But because the principal families of North Wales and Anglesea had become degenerated, by intermarriages with Irish and Lochlynians of mean descent, no more than fifteen heads of families, of all the principal tribes of the Welsh nation, could be found there, of unmixed lineage and species ; therefore Howel caused those heads of houses, together with their lineal descendants, to be enfranchised, as the fifteen tribes of genealogical chieftaincy, and he conferred on them the rights of seat and voice in every extraordinary convention, and in all courts of commons and lords throughout Britain. At this time, also, the twenty-four principal lineages, of undegenerate descent, were enfranchised in Powis; with full rights of seat and voice in every national assembly of commons and lords, and in every extraordinary convention, throughout the Island of Britain. These privileged heads of families, were especially enjoined, by law, to keep genealogical rolls in due order; according to the manner of preserving such records in the districts of Glamorgan and Gwent ; so that the worthiness and nobility of family chiefs might be verified, and due privileges conferred on the most meritorious of them. It was in this manner that authorised memorials of noble genealogy and arms originated in North Wales and Powis; and Howel the Good, in his wisdom, made a book, entitled "The Nobility of the men of the North;" i. e. the nobility of the tribes of Gwynedd and Mona, and the lineages of Powis.

Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements for assistance with research and contributions of pedigree material to Peter C. Bartrum, Pearl Paulina Brewis, nee Beaumont-Thomas, Elizabeth Anne Boles, Brian Borneman, Duke of Beaufort and his archivists, John Burgess, John Davies, John Dixon, Deirdre Jean Durrell, Gwynfor Evans M.P., Janet Hearle, John Allen Hindmarsh, Robert Protheroe-Jones, James Loveluck, Steve McLaughlin, Colin Moffat, Mary Mosbaugh, Sally Ann Powell, John Cowper Powys, Robert Sterry, Paul Sidney Beaumont-Thomas, Hubert Spence-Thomas who initiated the research recorded at The College of Arms, Patrick Spence-Thomas, Rhoda Treherne-Thomas, Dr. John D. Thomas, Philip Plowden Thomas, David William Turner, Noel David Jeffries Turner, Doris Margaret Turner, David Wainwright, Dr. Phil Williams A.M. and many other unnamed archivists, genealogists, historians, librarians and writers without whom this project would not be possible.

 

 

 

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